4.8 Conclusions

  • Significant global GHG reduction targets are required across all sectors, including the food system.
  • Some stakeholders emphasise production-side measures for mitigating food-related GHG emissions – among those who hold this viewpoint, there is disagreement as to the best method, e.g. land-sharing vs.. land-sparing.
  • Others emphasise demand-side measures, focussed on reducing excessive consumption of resource-intensive food and waste.
  • Still others emphasise the need to rebalance the system by reducing system imbalances at a social and political scale.
  • It is evident that these approaches are not mutually exclusive and may perhaps be most effective in combination.